Chinese Version

"A Study on the Chu Bamboo Manuscripts of Guodian"
Volume One -- A Comprehensive Index of Characters

Retrieval of the Revised Full Text of Decipherments
of Sixteen Chapters of Chu Bamboo Manuscripts of Guodian Site

(Edited by Professor Cheung Kwong-yue, Department of Chinese
Language & Literature, The Chinese University of Hong Kong)



     In the winter  of 1993,  a number  of  730  bamboo strips inscribed 
 with characters were excavated from tomb no. 1 of Guodian site, Jingmen,
 Hubei Province. The bamboo strips presumably belong to the  late  middle
 Zhanguo period. A total of Sixteen chapters of anonymous writings of the
 pre-Qin period,  over  half  of which have never been seen before, were 
 inscribed on the bamboo strips. Among them, Tai Yi Sheng Shui (太一生水)
 is  an  important  Taoists text; Wu  Xing (五行) is not much different 
 from  the one  excavated  from the Mawangdui site in Hunan Province which
 is also entitled Wu Xing (五行), and the two are complementary to each 
 other; Lumugong Wen Zisi (魯穆公問子思), Qiong Da Yi Shi (窮達以時), Tang
 Yu Zhi Dao (唐虞之道), Zhong Xin Zhi Dao (忠信之道), Cheng Zhi Wen Zhi 
 (成之聞之), Zun De Yi (尊德義), Xing Zi Ming Chu(性自命出), Liu De(六德)
 and Yu Cong 1,2,3,4 (語叢一、二、三、四) are works of the Confucianists,
 and part of their contents can be cross-referenced to documents handed 
 down from ancient times, e.g.“Let the will be set on the path of duty; 
 Let every attainment in what is good be firmly grasped; ”“Let perfect 
 virtue be accorded with;  Let relaxation and enjoyment be found in the 
 polite arts”in Yu Cong 3 (bamboo strip 15.50; 15.51) can be seen in the 
 chapter entitled Shu Er (述而)in The Analects of Confucius; writings like
 "Free from self-interest,  from bigotry and from possessions" and“Free 
 from egoism and from pre-possessions and peace can be attained”(bamboo 
 strip 15.64; 15.65) are almost the same as “There were four things from
 which  Confucius  was  entirely free: He had no foregone conclusions, no 
 arbitrary predeterminations, no obstinacy, and no egoism.”in the chapter 
 entitled Zihan (子罕) in the same book; Laozi (老子) Part A, B & C and Zi 
 Yi (緇衣) are the earliest manuscripts found to date, and their academic
 value is inmeasurable which would certainly have a far reaching impact on 
 pre-Qin studies.

     Bamboo Manuscripts of Chu Tomb of Guodian Site compiled by Jingmen 
 City Museum was published in book form  by Beijing Cultural  Relics Press 
 in May 1998. Since its publication,  the book has attracted many scholars 
 to study. Successful results shall be expected in the near future. On the
 other hand, from compiling books such as An Index of the Chu Bamboo 
 Manuscripts From Baoshan (1993),  An Index of the Bamboo Manuscripts From 
 the Tomb of Marquis Yi of State Zeng (1997),and An Index of the Chu Bamboo
 Manuscripts From Wangshan(forthcoming)in recent years have given me insight
 into this field. I therefore am determined to compile A Study on the Chu 
 Bamboo Manuscripts of Guodian,in which three volumes contribute to 
 Character, Commentary and Research respectively,  with special attention
 paid to the arrangement of character retrieval. The first volume A
 Comprehensive Index of Characters is compiled according to the previously-
 used format. Characters of the bamboo manuscripts are individually numbered,
 and categorized according to radicals. Variant forms of the same Chinese 
 characters are  grouped under their related radicals. Phonetic loan
 characters or homonyms are also listed in examples. To enable readers to
 easier understand the full text, I have adopted the original annotations 
 in Bamboo Manuscripts of Chu Tomb of Guodian Site  and  have made many
 references to the notes by Mr Qiu Xigui. If the original decipherments
 are ambiguous, characters would be deciphered  again  as  for  Characters  
 without decipherments would be preliminarily deciphered. In case there are
 missing characters, additions based on related sources would be made and 
 marked with a [     ] in the texts. Characters with the same or similar 
 pronunciations are marked with a (     ). The bamboo manuscripts  have 
 12,072 characters in total, of which 1,344 are main characters (692 seen
 in Shuowenjiezi  說文解字) and 22 combined characters. The preliminary 
 survey shows that 416 main characters have been seen in An Index of the Chu
 Bamboo Manuscripts From Baoshan, 134 in An Index of the Bamboo Manuscripts
 From the Tomb of Marquis Yi of  State Zeng, 202 in An Index of the Chu 
 Bamboo Manuscripts From Wangshan, whereas 875 are newly found. Detailed 
 corresponding materials and related research would be discussed inseparate 
 essays. There are four parts in the first volume: a radical index, a stroke
 index, plates of corresponding original bamboo strips and the decipherments,
 and the revised full text of deciperrments arranged by the serial numbers
 of the bamboo strips. A Comprehensive Index of Characters in the First 
 volume of A Study on the Chu Bamboo Manuscripts of Guodian has been 
 published by Yee Wen Publishing Co. Ltd., Taipei in February 1999. To 
 facilitate scholars with an easy access to the materials, a revised full
 text of decipherments of the Chu bamboo manuscripts of Guodian site has 
 been loaded into computer. 
 
     Furthermore, an electronic retrieval system of the full text has been 
 established. By typing in a certain character or phrase, a reader will 
 locate any chapter or bamboo strip from which the character or phrase comes
 within seconds. In line with the latest development in document research,
 and with a view to promote the Chinese culture, I have, through 
 cooperating with the Chinese University of Hong Kong Libraries, put onto
 internet this electronic version which allows full-text searching at no 
 cost. All are welcome to search and promote the use of these materials.

            Chapters

                      1. Laozi Part A, B & C (老子甲、乙、丙)
                      2. Tai Yi Sheng Shui (太一生水)
                      3. Zi Yi (緇衣)
                      4. Lumugong Wen Zisi (魯穆公問子思)
                      5. Qiong Da Yi Shi (窮達以時)
                      6. Wu Xing (五行)
                      7. Tang Yu Zhi Dao (唐虞之道)
                      8. Zhong Xin Zhi Dao (忠信之道)
                      9. Cheng Zhi Wen Zhi (成之聞之)
                     10. Zun De Yi (尊德義)
                     11. Xing Zi Ming Chu (性自命出)
                     12. Liu De (六德)
                     13. Yu Cong 1 (語叢一)
                     14. Yu Cong 2 (語叢二)
                     15. Yu Cong 3 (語叢三)
                     16. Yu Cong 4 (語叢四)

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